GST: Goods and service tax in Other Countries.

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GST-Goods-&-Service-Taxes

GST: Goods and service tax in Other countries.

India is being taken over by the goods and service tax on an alarming rate. This ‘One nation one tax’ philosophy will unite the citizens of India, under one roof. This will make all the business of India more competitive globally. France was the first country to introduce the goods and service tax in 1954. The reason behind the implementation of Goods & Service Tax was to reduce tax evasion. Then in the year 1994 China implemented it, followed by Russia in 1991. Saudi Arabia is going to implement it in 2018. In short more than 140 countries have implemented GST. Some countries like Brazil and Canada have dual GST. The model India has chosen is the Canadian model of dual GST.

In this Canadian model of GST, there are basically three components. CGST (Central goods and service tax) in which the tax will be collected by the central government, SGST (State goods and service tax) in which the tax will be collected by the state government and IGST (Inter-state goods and service tax) in which the central government will collect the tax on the interstate transactions of goods and services. Under this GST rule, all the goods and services will be taxed at the rates of 0%, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. Also the following taxes are included in the GST Value added tax (VAT), Central sales tax (CST), entertainment tax, service tax, luxury tax, food tax etc.

Also Read: Overview of GST, what is GST, Where & how it is applied

Country Corporate tax Income tax (min) Income tax (max) VAT or GST
Australia 28.5 or 30% 0% 49% 0%(Essential items) 10% (others)
Belgium 33.99% 0% 64% (max of federal- local), 0% (local) 12%-21% (restaurants), 6% (essential and selected goods)
Canada 15% + 11-16% provincial. 15% + 4-11% provincial. 33% + 11.5%  to 21% 5% (federal GST) + 5% – 15% (provincial tax)
China 25% 0% 45% 17% with many exceptions.
Georgia 15% 5% 20% 18%
Iceland 20% 0% 46% 12 to 24%
India 30% 0% 34.6% GST from 0% to 28%.
Malaysia 25% 0% 26% 6% from GST
Nepal 20% 15%, 1% Social Security Tax Mandatory 25% 13%
South Africa 28% 0% 45% 14%
Thailand 20% 0% 35% 7%
United Kingdom 19% 0%, 20% (personal allowance of 11,000 for most allowance) 45%  (on income over 150,000) 20% standard rate, 5% reduced rate for home energy and renovations. 0% Zero Rate for life necessities – groceries, water, prescription medications, medical equipment
United States of America 35% – 0%-12% (state/local) 0% (federal) + 0% (state) + 0 to 3% (local) 39.6 – 52.9% =

39.6% (federal)

+ 0 – 13.3% (state)

 

0%-11.725% (state and local)

 

America doesn’t have a GST as it ensures high autonomy for all its states. All the models across the states of the commonwealth are the same. There are just some variations. All the other countries have a high threshold for GST than India. Thus all the small businesses are flourished in other countries. From July 1 the new GST Model will be implemented.

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