Pneumonia is a base of serve respiratory infection that has an effect on one or both lungs. It is a major life-risking sickness in newly born babies. Pneumonia is the main reason for almost 6-9 percent of all newborns or stillborn. Pneumonia means 13% among all communicable diseases in newborns before they turn to 2 years. Precede with the article to understand more about pneumonia which is one of the most common infections every infant goes through.
❍ What causes Pneumonia in newborns?
Bacteria and viruses together can be the cause of the early-onset of pneumonia in your babies-
- A baby can obtain pneumonia from the mother while delivery or labor. The creatures that cause infection in the fetal lungs are more frequent than not generally found in the maternal vagina.
- It can also occur as an after effect of breastfeeding unknowingly entering the newborn’s lungs.
- When newborns inhale in the poisoned amniotic fluid.
- Two types of bacteria can cause pneumonia in the newborns which are – Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) and Streptococcus Pneumoniae.
- One of the most common causes of viral pneumonia in newborn babies is a Virus known as RSV- Respiratory syncytial virus.
- Subjection to chlamydial organisms at the time of delivery can bring out chlamydial pneumonia.
❍ What can be the signs of Pneumonia in children?
It is not mandatory that all the signs and symptoms can be seen in kids. List down are some of the signs that point out the probability of pneumonia in your babies:
- Cough and cold
- Breathe with a whistling sound in the chest.
- Difficulty to suckle
- Fast and flimsy breathing
❍ Ways to keep newborns safe from Pneumonia.
Go through these ways using which you can try and prevent your baby.
Immunizing pregnant mothers: we can preserve pneumonia in newborn babies to a great extent by immunizing the pregnant woman, as shown in the recent studies. Be sure that the pregnant women receive her yearly flu shot. A woman surely produces antibodies when she receives a vaccine. She precedes these antibodies to the baby. Hence, the baby will be given birth with antibodies produced by the mother with definite infections. Therefore, this becomes important as the baby’s vaccination is done only on or later 6 months and they can get in link to microbes producing pneumonia from day one itself.
Vaccination: Is the most essential method of prevention. The pneumococcal vaccine will help in curing Pneumonia. Some other vaccines like tetanus, Vaccination (DTP) against diphtheria and whooping cough are also important as these can lead to pneumonia in babies.
Establish smoke-free surroundings: Children who are surrounded by cigarette smoke, even for a short time are likely to have respiratory issues more often and are more receptive to pneumonia. Adding on, try to avoid situations that may end up causing indoor air pollution.
Keep the baby well maintained: Personal breastfeeding is the most excellent way to uplift the newborns growing immune system. The breast milk has antibodies generated by the mother’s body against several infection-causing microbes. This is helpful to prevent infections in the newborn even if their immune system is not completely formed yet.
Keep newborns away from sick’s: Be cautious and don’t allow people with any kind of infection to come close to babies. A few strains of microbes which can also cause other infections are capable of generating pneumonia in your babies.
Must keep baby’s stuff wash and clean: Make sure you keep your clean babies stuff like toys, clothes, pacifiers and feeding bottles on a regular basis.
❍ When can you expect newborns to be more at risk to catch Pneumonia?
A newborn is more likely to be at risk to Pneumonia when:
- When a premature baby is born
- If the baby is born after a long land complexes labor. If the baby stays more time in birth canal means there are high chances to get exposed to the microbes in the birth canal.
- The membrane breaks more than 6 hours before delivery. This maximizes the chances of the baby to breathe in the amniotic fluid.
❍ How early does a baby can come in contract with Pneumonia?
The beginning of pneumonia in newborns can happen as soon as within a couple of hours of birth(early onset) to any time later seven days of birth(late-onset).
“A ton of countries including India, Zambia, Kenya, Bangladesh, and Uganda have established state, district and national strategies to intensify actions to preserve pneumonia and Diarrhoea. There are many others who have integrated pneumonia and Diarrhoea in their national child health and child survival plannings. The post-Millenium Development Goal agenda for many other countries have straightforwardly included ending preserve able Diarrhoea and pneumonia deaths as a priority action”.