Winter smog has been in the news since the onset of winters. It is common in this season and a cause of many problems. Winter smog is formed when a thin layer of atmosphere near the earth becomes cooler as compared to the layer that is above it.
The pollutants trapped within the layers of the atmosphere are caused due to the emission of burning of coals, from buses, trucks and automobiles, the pollutants get trapped in the atmosphere. The yellowish and blackish fog is the combination of volatile organic compounds, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbons.
These deadly elements react with sunlight, heat, ammonia, moisture to form the noxious vapor that comprises smog. Another reason for smog is the rise in an increase in the level of air pollution. During winter, the calm wind helps the smoke and fog to make them stagnate, disturbing the environment and in turn affecting health. Winter smog can be really deleterious as it can cause asthma. It can also damage lungs to a great extent.
Winter smog can cause throat irritation and throat problems as well. The respiratory problems can crop up due to winter smog. The high levels of ozone can disrupt the respiratory system. Coughing and chest irritation can also occur. There are various breathing problems which can be witnessed by people due to the winter smog.
Smog is extremely dangerous in that it can lead to bronchial diseases and decrease in UV radiations during winter can cause rickets as heavy smog cuts the sunlight contact with the earth’s surface. This leads to the low availability of vitamin D. Cold and pneumonia could rule your immune system due to smog. Smog is also known to disturb your respiratory system and can make breathing a mammoth task.
Smog is increasing its presence in the environment day by day owing to increase in pollution. It is better to stay indoors and restrict our outdoor activities as much as possible so that it doesn’t rain our health parade.