Bird Flu in India’s latest News: India Poultry is one of the fastest-growing areas of the agricultural sector in India. The production of eggs and broilers has been rising at a rate of 8 to 10 percent per year. India stands as the world’s fifth-largest egg producer and the eighteenth largest producer of broilers, as per the Food and Agriculture Organization.
Avian Influenza for the very first time broke in Hongkong in the year 1997. Since then, many outbreaks across the world took over. India too faced multiple outbreaks since 2005.
The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Fisheries in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s welfare had declared India free from Avian Influenza (H5N1) from September 5, 2016, onwards. This was also notified of the World Organisation of Animal Health (OIE).
Bird Flu in India latest News
The first outbreak in India of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza occurred in February 2005 in Maharashtra. Then very soon it took place in March 2006 in Madhya Pradesh. During this epidemic over a million birds were destroyed in the deadly control operation. Officially 25 cases of bird flu took place in 15 states and union territories of India till January 2015. Approximately 7.2 million birds were destroyed and Rs 24.32 crore was paid as compensation to farmers.
In the last two years, outbreaks of the disease could be seen at several places, including Budhibara, Patharaganja, Maud, Brahmandeo, Kanheipur, Epinga and Nandala in Odisha, Goraho, Mubarakchak and Babura in Bihar and Fazil Khuthari in Jharkhand. All of them had been reported to the OIE and contaminant measures were undertaken as per protocol.
It is important to note that the best for the operation was carried out (including culling, disinfection, and clean up) at the above epicenters, no further reports of the presence of the HPAI (highly pathogenic Avian Influenza) virus were reported. Then the country had been declared free from Avian Influenza (H5N1) w.e.f 3rd September 2019 and the same was notified to OIE and the states the same day.
This status will stand as such until another outbreak gets reported. The latest declaration in India free of the disease was in 2017 (bird flu in India 2019).
This declaration was important not just from the poultry industry but also for humans too. Humans can easily be infected by the disease from animals. World Health Organization said humans could be infected with avian, swine and other zoonotic influenza viruses, such as avian influenza virus subtypes A(H5N1), A(H7N9), and A(H9N2) and swine influenza virus subtypes A(H1N1), A(H1N2) and A(H3N2).
How H5N1 Affects Humans
The symptoms of the disease by the Virus H5N1 infection in humans include mild upper respiratory tract infection (fever and cough), early sputum production and rapid progression to severe pneumonia. It can also lead to sepsis with shock, acute respiratory distress syndrome and even death.
The WHO declared that though the current Avian Influenza virus does not easily transmit from person to person but the continued transmission among animals is a serious concern. These viruses cause severe disease in humans and have the possibility to mutate to become more contagious between people.
“Always Good to Follow the Guidelines of Government”
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