With the recent studies on promotions in job, it was found that if both the subordinate and the boss in an organization are males and are in habit of smoking then the subordinate gets promotion faster than those who do not smoke and also females in an organization, in spite of they being more productive to the organization than the smoker employee.
When the employee adjoins the cigarette break with the boss to spend more time with him and this makes him be more advantageous than women in the workplace or the other males at the workplace.
With many current studies on it, recently a study was released on Monday (09.12.2019) by the National Bureau of Economic Research.
A broader study showed that men are benefitted from having a male manager, than women deserving about the same promotion rate regardless of the gender of their boss.
Zoe Cullen of Harvard Business School and Ricardo Perez-Truglia of the UCLA Anderson School of Management conducted the research followed by earlier research showed workers with white, male sponsors tend to do better than other groups in getting a promotion. It also reflects a similar study showing boss tend to favor people working under them who are similar to themselves, this attitude benefitted men since women make up a very small sector of the executive ranks.
This study also reflected the similar research that indicated men benefit from encounters in other male spaces only, such as locker rooms at the golf club.
The general idea of it is that the more time one spends in close proximity with the boss is more likely to climb the corporate ladder fast.
The old boys’ club referred to be the place for the interaction with powerful men and suspected advantage for male employees over their female counterparts at the same workplace. For example, male employees can exchange cards with their managers in different ways whereas female employees cannot.
This tendency was studied from the data of a large financial institution. In an event study, the causal effect of managers’ gender on their Employees in career development showed that when male employees were allocated to male managers, they were promoted faster in the subsequent years than they would have been if they were assigned to female managers.
Whereas, female employees, on the other hand, had the same career progression regardless of the manager’s gender. These differences in career progression could not be explained by differences in effort or output. This male-to-male advantage can only be recalled to be the gender gap in promotions.
Moreover, one can only say that these manager effects are due to socialization between the male employees and male managers. It is quite clear that these manager effects are present only if the employee works in close proximity to the manager. The surveyed data too, showed that, after transitioning to a male manager, male employees spend more time with their managers. Finally, one comes across the intimate socialization within males.
Therefore, it can be based on the subjective evidence that employees who smoke tend to spend more time and breaks together, with their managers and are promoted faster in the following years. Moreover, the effects of these smoking employees keeping a similar attitude in timing and magnitude to the male gender manager control the promotion.