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NASA Headquarter in Washington is planning for its new mission called “NASA New Mission” which confers to bring samples from Mars to Earth and the US space agency is in search of a person to lead the mission which is called Mars Sample Return (MSR) Programme.
NASA has declared the requirement of an enthusiastic person for the position of Director of Mars Sample Return Program.
The person should be capable for implementation of all Mars sample return activities, beginning with mission formulation and continuing through design, development, launch and mission operations.
This mission will use robotic systems and a Mars ascent rocket to collect and send samples of Martian rocks, soil and atmosphere to Earth for detailed chemical and physical analysis.
The European Space Agency (ESA) is working in collaboration with NASA for the campaign which is scheduled to take place between 2020 and 2030.
NASA also declared the complete package on annual basis; it would be $188,066 per year to the selected person.
It is estimated that for MSR Programme, three launches will be necessary to achieve landing, collecting, storing and finding samples and delivering them to the Earth.
NASA New Mission programme for Mars 2020 mission will be launched in July this year (2020), the main task would be to explore the surface and carefully will do the documentation and store a set of samples in containers in strategic areas, which would be later retrieved from flight to Earth.
- After the first launch MSR Programme will set go for two subsequent missions to achieve further goals.
- NASA New Mission launch strategy will follow the latest technology updates–
- NASA will send the Sample Return Lander mission to land a platform near the Mars 2020 site.
- From this Lander, a small ESA rover – the Sample Fetch Rover – will head out to get back the collected samples.
- Once the ESA rover has collected the samples like an interplanetary treasure hunt, it will return to the Lander platform.
- After returning with the samples it will load them into a single large container on the Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV).
- This Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV) will perform the first lift off from Mars and carry the container into Mars orbit.
- ESA’s Earth Return Orbiter will be the next mission, timed to capture the basketball-size sample container orbiting Mars.
- The samples will be sealed in a biocontainment system to prevent contaminating Earth with unsterilized material before being moved into an Earth entry capsule said by ESA.
The spacecraft will then return to Earth, where it will release the entry capsule for the samples to end up in a specialized handling facility. Which will be further investigated on Earth.