After the 95% successful mission to Chandrayaan 2, on September 7, 2019, India is all set to launch Chandrayaan-3 mission ISRO, its third mission to the moon, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman K. Sivan had confirmed this on Wednesday (01.01.2020). He said with this mission the country will once again attempt to land on the lunar surface in 2020-21.
The government has given its approval for Chandrayaan-3 mission ISRO for soft-landing near the south pole of the moon later this year or early next year. But, the third mission will have only a lander and rover, and not an orbiter unlike Chandrayaan 2, told by Sivan.
Chandrayaan-3 mission ISRO will cost the space agency Rs 610 crore, including 250 crores for lander and rover, and Rs 360 crore for its launch rocket, as against Rs 960 crore spent on Chandrayaan-2, which had an Orbiter that is currently circling around the moon at about 100 km from the lunar surface.
A propulsion system (a no-strap on the rocket) will be used to carry a new lander and a new rover to the moon with instruments for experiments that will be same as those that were lost following the crash-landing of Chandrayaan-2 lander with the rover in it, in its final phase said by Sivan.
Though Union Minister of State for Space Jitendra Singh on Tuesday (31.12.2019) said in New Delhi that Chandrayaan-3 mission ISRO would be launched in 2020, but Sivan clarified that a space mission of such size and scale would take at least 14-16 months to accomplish.
Though our target is to launch the lander and rover later this year, it may spill over to 2021 as we need over a year-and-a-half for landing them on the moon told by Sivan.
Chandrayaan-1 was launched in October 2008 with an orbiter and a lunar impact probe, which crashed on the moon.
The Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter will be used for communicating with the lander and rover of Chandrayaan-3 during their mission on the moon added by Sivan.