Smoking is always injurious to health, may be men or women. Any of the categories is a human being having similar internal organs and the smoke of the cigarette hamper internal organs. But, only the difference is, the risk factor could vary in Gender.
Good research has been done by Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust in partnership with the University of Sheffield, to evaluate smoking as a self-regulating risk factor for STEMI and agree upon to decide the differences in risk between age groups and genders.
As already we are aware heart disease leads to major deaths worldwide. Amongst all the heart problems ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) is among the most life-threatening forms of heart disease.
A clear image of ECG showing STEMI heart attack
Due to smoking, the ECG of STEMI appears as shown in the Image above. This is due to a major heart attack caused by a complete blockage of one of the main coronary artery which supplies oxygen and nutrient-rich blood to the heart muscles.
It was found by the researchers that smoking increases STEMI risk in all patients, regardless of age or gender. Both the genders had highest risk increase in the age group of 18-49 years. But the largest relative risk difference between men and women smokers was in the 50-64 years old group.
When the non-smoking and smoking females were compared in the age group of 18-49 years, had a greater than 13 times higher risk of STEMI. Whereas, 18-49years male smokers had 8.6 times increased risk. This was the first finding to shed new light on the striking risk collision that smoking has in aggravating major heart attacks, especially in younger female smokers. Anyhow, the magnitude was not clear and also not defined on the heart attack.
Researchers in the South Yorkshire region of the UK also presented with acute STEMI between January 2009 and July 2014.
But, it was possible to a large extent to reverse the risk by quitting smoking said by researchers. “Our study found that smoking cessation, regardless of age or gender, reduces STEMI risk to that of a never smoker, possibly within a month,” said Ever Grech from the University of Sheffield’s Department of Infection, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease and consultant interventional cardiologist at Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
Grech added that this will not only make the young smokers to understand that, the heart attack risks arise much later in life, although it also exposes the real dangers of smoking in a modern population. This was published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology which ranks among the top cardiovascular journals in the world for its scientific impact.
Stay away from the harmful things, at least at the cost of one’s life
Smoking is Injurious to health.