India stresses balance between freedom and responsibility amid US campus protests

US campus protests

In recent years, the United States has witnessed a surge in campus protests, often centered around issues of social justice, racial equality, and political ideologies. While these demonstrations signify the exercise of freedom of expression, they have also sparked debates regarding the boundaries of responsibility. India, with its rich history of democracy and diverse cultural ethos, offers valuable insights into navigating such delicate matters. Let’s explore India’s perspective on the balance between freedom and responsibility amid campus protests in the US.


Freedom of Expression: A Fundamental Right:

Freedom of expression lies at the core of democratic values, enabling individuals to voice their opinions, challenge authority, and advocate for change. In the US, this constitutional right is enshrined in the First Amendment, empowering citizens to peacefully assemble and protest against perceived injustices. Similarly, in India, the Constitution guarantees the freedom of speech and expression as a fundamental right, essential for fostering a vibrant democracy.

Campus Protests: Catalysts for Change Campus protests serve as powerful platforms for students to raise awareness about pressing societal issues and demand policy reforms. Whether advocating for environmental sustainability, gender equality, or racial justice, these protests often mobilize youth voices and galvanize public discourse. In both India and the US, universities have historically been hotbeds of activism, nurturing future leaders and change-makers.

Challenges of Responsibility While freedom of expression empowers individuals to speak their minds, it also entails a responsibility to uphold ethical standards and respect divergent viewpoints. In the context of campus protests, maintaining a balance between exercising rights and respecting boundaries becomes paramount. Instances of violence, vandalism, or hate speech during protests can undermine the legitimacy of the cause and lead to social discord.

India’s Approach: Striking a Balance India recognizes the importance of striking a balance between freedom and responsibility, especially in the context of diverse cultural and religious sensitivities. The country has faced its share of protests, ranging from student-led movements to large-scale demonstrations. In response, Indian authorities emphasize dialogue, inclusivity, and non-violence as guiding principles for peaceful dissent.

Dialogue and Inclusivity Central to India’s approach is the promotion of dialogue and inclusivity as means to address grievances and resolve conflicts. By fostering open communication channels between stakeholders, including students, administrators, and policymakers, India seeks to create avenues for constructive engagement. Embracing diversity of perspectives and encouraging respectful discourse are essential components of this approach.

Non-Violence and Tolerance Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence (ahimsa) remains deeply ingrained in India’s social fabric. Emphasizing the power of peaceful resistance, Gandhi’s teachings advocate for resolving conflicts through non-cooperation and civil disobedience. India encourages tolerance and respect for dissenting opinions, recognizing that true progress is achieved through mutual understanding and cooperation.

Regulatory Framework and Accountability While upholding the principles of freedom of expression, India maintains a robust regulatory framework to ensure accountability and prevent the misuse of rights. Laws against hate speech, incitement to violence, and defamation provide safeguards against the spread of harmful rhetoric. Similarly, universities in India adhere to codes of conduct and disciplinary measures to address disruptive behavior during protests.


As campus protests continue to shape public discourse in the US and beyond, India’s perspective offers valuable insights into navigating the complex terrain of freedom and responsibility. By promoting dialogue, inclusivity, and non-violence, India emphasizes the importance of upholding ethical standards while exercising rights. As the global community grapples with evolving challenges, fostering a culture of responsible dissent and constructive engagement remains essential for safeguarding democratic principles and fostering positive social change.