Gunfire, Violence And Increasing Death Numbers: The Manipur Violence

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Introduction

Manipur, a northeastern state in India, has been grappling with a history of violence and conflict for several decades. While it is known for its rich cultural heritage and breathtaking landscapes, the recurring bouts of violence have overshadowed its potential for prosperity and harmony. This article aims to delve into the complexities of the Manipur violence, explore its underlying causes, and discuss potential solutions for lasting peace.

Manipur Violence

History

Manipur has witnessed violence driven by various factors, including ethnic tensions, territorial disputes, insurgency, and societal unrest. The history of Manipur is intricately linked with demands for self-determination and recognition by different groups within the state. These demands, at times, have escalated into violent conflicts, resulting in loss of lives, displacement, and economic stagnation.

Manipur Violence

One of the prominent factors fueling violence in Manipur is the presence of multiple ethnic communities and the resulting competition for political power and resources. The state is home to several major ethnic groups, such as the Meiteis, Nagas, Kukis, and Pangals, each with its distinct cultural identity and aspirations. The struggle for supremacy and conflicting territorial claims among these groups have led to recurring violence and grievances.

The presence of several active militant groups adds another layer of complexity to the violence in Manipur. These groups often resort to violence as a means to achieve their political objectives, leading to a cycle of attacks, counter-attacks, and security force actions. These incidents have not only resulted in a loss of lives but have also hampered the overall development of the state.

The Recent Violence

Manipur has been in tension since February when the BJP government started an eviction drive targeting some tribal communities. This drive soon led to a protest. Manipur always has geographical issues. The state has Imphal valley in its heart, there are a total four highways and two of them provide major life resources to the state.

Manipur Violence

The 10% of the land comprises the non-tribal community Meitei which accounts 64% of the state’s population.

At least 98 people lost their lives and 310 others were injured in the ethnic violence in Manipur that broke out a month ago, the government said in a statement on June 2. A total of 37,450 people are in 272 relief camps at present. Over the last one month, the State police has registered 3,734 cases and arrested 65 people for their involvement in the violence. Till now, 84 companies of the Central Armed Forces have been deployed.


The government appealed to the people to surrender. Meetings were being held with village heads and civil society organisations to resolve conflict and bring peace, it said, claiming that the situation is normal in most of the districts. Clashes broke out on May 3 after a ‘Tribal Solidarity March’ was organised in the hill districts to protest against the Meitei community’s demand for Scheduled Tribe. Meetings were being held with village heads and civil society organisations to resolve conflict and bring peace, it said, claiming that the situation is normal in most of the districts


The Current Scenario

The recent incident happened on Thursday. Despite the huge deployment of the army, two people died and many injured in the violence as a large number of people gathered outside BJP’s regional office. The last major instance was on June 14 when 9 people were killed in Aigejang village in Kangpokpi district.